A Journal of Nationalist Thought & History
Volume X Number
P. 36. RHODES & HIS SCHOLARSHIPS by
Michael Collins Piper
The Rhodes scholarship is not merely a prestigious
reward for excellence in scholarship, but is agenda driven. The
agenda is the reuniting of England with the United States. Here's
Rhodes Scholarships & the Drive for
"I am now led to devote my life to
the reunion of the British empire." So wrote Benedict Arnold,
on October 7, 1780, in London, only 18 months after George Washington
took the oath of office as the first president of the United States.
There are a few Americans today who would like to do what Arnold
dreamed of accomplishing. Some of them are known as Rhodes scholars.
Here's their remarkable story.
By Michael Collins Piper
Gen. Wesley Clark, once a widely touted aspirant
for the 2004 Democratic presidential nomination, wants to follow
his fellow Arkansan and Rhodes scholar, Bill Clinton, into the White
House. While Clark proudly touts his own Russian Jewish ancestry
— claiming descent from a long line of rabbis — he is
not as forthright about describing precisely what a Rhodes scholar
is, nor is he likely to be.
The truth is that Rhodes scholars are chosen and trained for the
specific purpose of working to dissolve America's national sovereignty,
toward the ultimate goal of re-uniting the United States with the
British empire. Here's the full story — from some well-established
Photograph of Cecil Rhodes statue.
Caption: Cecil Rhodes (statue,
left) connived his way to wealth
in a lawless frontier culture, then used that fortune to
fund a private invasion of East Africa. He bought newspapers
to control public opinion. He brokered secret deals, issued
bribes and used gangs of mercenaries to butcher his opponents,
seizing close to 1 million square miles of territory from
its inhabitants. Although he did this in the name of the
British Empire, he was regarded with some suspicion in his
home country, and when it suited him to work against Britain's
imperial interests, he did so without scruple.
As historian Eustace Mullins notes in his monumental
study, The World Order, Cecil Rhodes —
whose wealth funded the scholarships — was an international
operator fronting in the African diamond fields for the Rothschild
family banking interests of Europe. This, in itself, lends immediate
suspicion to any scholarship established by such a person. It goes
much deeper, however.
Writing in his study of The Tax Exempt
Foundations, author William H. McIlhany II, provides
a summary of the events leading to the establishment of the Rhodes
In 1891, South African diamond magnate Cecil
Rhodes was serving the first of six consecutive years as prime
minister of the Cape Colony. By that year he had also been introduced
to many other men of wealth and influence from Oxford and Cambridge.
They, like Rhodes, had been idealistically attracted to favor
imperialistic expansion of "the English ruling class tradition"
as well as domestic "social reform" as both had been
stirringly preached by John Ruskin.
Rhodes's group of acquaintances, introduced to him by Fabian socialist
William T. Stead, a journalist, included Alfred (later Lord) Milner;
Arthur (Lord) Balfour; and Reginald Baliol Brett (Lord Esher).
On February 5, 1891, they formed a secret society to promote further
expansion of British control over the world, particularly aiming
a future merger of Great Britain and the United States into a
regional government body.
This goal was put forth by their public organization, the Round
Table Groups, organized and led by Milner after Rhodes's death
in 1902. In spite of Milner's public declarations of fidelity
to the interests of the British empire, much controversy has arisen
from the fact that Milner's agents were instrumental both in provoking
hostilities with Germany in 1904 through the Jameson Raid in South
Africa and in assisting with the financing of the 1917 Bolshevik
takeover of Russia.
In his so-called "Confession of Faith,"
Rhodes himself wrote of his dreams:
I contend that every acre added to our territory
means, in the future, birth to many more of the English race who
otherwise would not be brought into existence. Added to this,
absorption of the greater portion of the world under our rule,
simply means the end of all wars ....
I look into history and read the story of the
Jesuits. I see what they were able to do in a bad cause and I
might say under bad leaders. In the present day I become a member
of the Masonic order.
I see the wealth and power they possess, the
influence they hold and I think over their ceremonies and I wonder
that a large body of men can devote themselves to what at times
appears the most ridiculous and absurd rites without an object
and without an end. [sic.]
The idea gliding and dancing before our eyes like a willow —
a wish at last frames itself into a plan.
Why should we not join a secret society — with but one object
the furtherance of the British empire, for the bringing of the
whole uncivilized world under British rule, for the recovery of
the United States, for the making of the Anglo-Saxon race but
As long ago as July 14,1951, The Chicago
Tribune (then but no longer — a populist and
nationalist voice — and one of the few in the major media)
exposed the Rhodes scholarships. This was perhaps the first time
that the truth about the scholarships was published in a major publication
since American recruits were being drafted to attend Oxford under
the scholarships since 1904.
The title of the first Tribune article,
by William Fulton, told the story: "Rhodes' goal: Return U.S.
to British empire; Scholars work to that end." The article
reads, in pertinent part:
Cecil John Rhodes, the empire builder, held
a lifelong burning ambition to bring about "the ultimate
recovery of the United States of America as an integral part of
the British empire." Today many American Rhodes scholars
are working assiduously to make the dream of their imperial patron
These American Rhodes scholars have been going to Oxford University
for education and introduction in the British way of thinking
since 1904. The Rhodes diamond and mining fortune foots the bills.
Each year 32 campus leaders are carefully selected for schooling
abroad. Only two world wars temporarily halted the annual crop.
Rhodes cherished schemes for a world power federation dominated
by Anglo-Saxons. His American scholars returning from England
are the leaders in the drive to sink Uncle Sam deeper in the morass
of the affairs of other countries.
By way of example, it was Sen. J. William Fulbright (D-Ark.) who
as a young congressman itching with newly acquired Oxford ideas
introduced the resolution proposing the creation of "international
machinery" and the participation of the United States. That
was in 1943. The United Nations, the "police action"
in Korea with 78,000 Ammican casualties and other events have
(A fervent internationalist, Fulbright, it will
be remembered, was a mentor of his fellow Arkansan, Bill Clinton,
himself a future Rhodes scholar.) The Tribune's
account of Rhodes's perfidy continues:
Rhodes told intimates it might take a century
for his "great dream" to be fulfilled. To an extent
the decision reached by the American Revolution has been reversed
already, in the opinion of historical observers.
Politically, it is pointed out, the United States has surrendered
some sovereignty to a supra-body, the United Nations, in which
the British foreign office wields tremendous influence. Militarily,
Americans are fighting for foreign interests as they did in the
French and Indian wars. Economically, the country is pouring out
its wealth in the form of foreign "aid" just as it did
before the Boston tea party.
How are Rhodes's Amelican proteges throwing their weight around?
More than a third of the living American scholars are in the educational
field, mostly at Harvard and other eastern institutions. In their
teaching and writing they pass along the views they soaked up
from the Oxford dons.
But in recent years the scholars have infiltrated the government
in increasing numbers. They hold key positions, particularly in
the vital foreign policymaking State Department.
Rhodes scholars also command posts in the United Nations and economic
cooperation administration. The returning savants are active in
the field of opinion molding with a large sprinkling among the
eastern internationalist press, magazines and radio.
Rhodes, the man who set this vast propaganda project in motion
was born in an English parsonage in 1853. Delicate health as a
youth led him to Africa and the diamond fields of Kimberly where
the sparklers laid the basis of his fortune. He returned to Oxford
to resume his schooling.
Even as a student, Rhodes had a sense of destiny, of shaping history
to suit his own tastes, and he outlined his views in a document
called "Confession of Faith" at about the time he prepared
his first will in 1877. He wrote:
"The extension of British rule throughout the world, the
perfecting of a system of emigration from the United Kingdom and
of colonization by British subjects of all lands wherein the means
of livelihood are attainable by energy, labor and enterprise,
and especially the occupation by British settlers of the entire
continent of Africa, the Holy Land, the valley of Euphrates, the
islands of Cyprus and Candia, the whole of South America, the
islands of the Pacific not heretofore possessed by Great Britain,
the whole of the Malay archipelago, the seaboard of China and
Japan, the ultimate recovery of the United States of America as
an integral part of the British empire, the consolidation of the
whole empire, the inauguration of a system of colonial representation
in the imperial parliament which may tend to weld together the
disjointed members of the empire, and finally the foundation of
so great a power as to hereafter renders wars impossible and promote
the best interest of humanity."
Rhodes penned seven wills, the originals of which
repose today in Rhodes House at Oxford. The first five contemplated
the creation of a worldwide secret society to promote the British
The sixth will, dated 1893, made the first provisions for scholarships.
They were to be for "young colonists" in the furtherance
of empire unity. American scholarships appeared in the final will,
prepared in 1899 and made public in 1902 following Rhodes's death.
Photographs of Bill Clinton, General Wesley Clark,
Sen. Bill Bradley, George Stephanopolous, and Richard Lugar
The Ties to Power
Many people have heard about the "prestigious"
Rhodes scholarships that are deemed as virtually the pinnacle,
perhaps the greatest academic honor that can be bestowed.
Anyone named to the Rhodes cadre is deemed "up and
coming" and, of course, considerably intelligent. And
indeed those who do receive this honor do invariably rise
quickly in the ranks of the American elite. For that is
precisely the purpose of the scholarships: to train a select
circle of American natives who are loyal to the principles
that guided Cecil Rhodes (and his sponsors, the Rothschild
family) in their worldview. Some more notable Rhodes scholars
(now household names) include (shown above, left to right),
former President Bill Clinton, former NATO Supreme Commander
and national office seeker, General Wesley Clark, former
Sen. Bill Bradley (D-N.J.). former Clinton aide-turned-television
commentator George Stephanopolous, and Senate Foreign Relations
Committee Chairman Richard Lugar (R-Ind.).
As the accompanying article demonstrates, the history of
the Rhodes scholarships is rife with intrigue of the grandest
order, a veritable "conspiracy" in the classic
sense. However, the American media is careful — when
discussing the scholarships — not to mention what
they are really all about: re-uniting Britain's "lost
colonies" (the United States) with the dear old "Mother
Country." While geopolitical realities and international
events of passing years obviously have a direct impact on
the ultimate goal — forcing adaptation and changes
of focus on the part of those working to achieve this result
— the theme remains the same. American sovereignty
is not part of that scheme.
Rhodes earmarked two scholarships for each American state and territory.
At the time there were 45 states and five territories, which would
have meant 100 American scholarships and only 60 for the whole of
the British empire.
"When Rhodes assigned his scholarships," wrote Mrs. Sarah
Gertrude Millin, in her biography of Rhodes, "he believed there
were still only the original 13 states in the union of America."
Rhodes scholars indignantly deny this and claim it was only an oversight
on the part oftheir patron. They say it was an oversight also that
Rhodes made scholarship allocations to Quebec and Ontario, but left
out the other provinces of Canada. Trustees of the estate have rectified
matters by awarding 32 scholarships annually in the United States
instead of 100 and bringing in other Canadian provinces.
points out there is no question but that the Rhodes scholarships
are political — not educational — in nature. The Tribune
quoted Sir Francis Wylie, first of the Oxford trustees of the Rhodes
estate: "This is not an educational endowment as ordinarily
understood. Its purpose is not to give anybody an education he could
not otherwise afford; nor to promote learning; but to encourage
in the rising generation of English-speaking people a particular
outlook on the problems of the world — to give them, in fact,
a political bias.
"This idea of using scholarships as instruments of a 'political'
purpose had come to Rhodes ... and had taken shape in the will of
1893," declared Wylie.
Thus, as the Tribune notes, "it is
confirmed that the prime purpose of establishing the scholarships
was to further the dream revealed in the 'Confession of Faith.'
That embraced 'the ultimate recovery of the United States of America
as an integral part of the British empire.' "
Cartoon of Cecil Rhodes straddling
African continent from Egypt to South Africa
The Rhodes Colossus
By 1891, Cecil Rhodes had amalgamated the
De Beers mines under his control, giving him dominion over
90 percent of the world's diamond output. He had also secured
two other important positions; prime minister of the British
Cape Colony and president of the British South Africa Company,
an organization formed to pursue expansionist adventures for
which sponsoring governments did not have the stomach or the
cash. The result of his endeavors produced new British annexations:
Nyasaland (now Malawi), Northern Rhodesia (now Zambia) and
Southern Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe). In 1896, Rhodes's name was
linked with the Jameson Raid — a disastrous (and illegal)
attempt to annex Transvaal territory held by the Boers, and
a principal cause of the South African War of 1899-1902. Above,
a depiction of Rhodes straddles all of Africa. Never before
in history had one man controlled "the Dark Continent"
the way Rhodes was able to.
It is not a coincidence that Bill Clinton's other mentor in Washington,
at Georgetown University — prior to his days at Oxford as
a Rhodes scholar — was none other than the late Professor
Carroll Quigley. It was Quigley, whom Clinton quoted with admiration
in his acceptance speech at the Democratic presidential nominating
convention, who authored the infamous tome Tragedy &
Hope in which he, Quigley, praised the drive for global
government as being orchestrated by the international elite.
Quigley's famous study contains these even more famous, oft-quoted
comments about the Rhodes conspiracy:
There does exist and has existed for a generation,
an international Anglophile network which operates, to some extent,
in the way the Radical Right believes the Communists act. In fact,
this network, which we may identify as the Round Table Groups,
has no aversion to cooperating with the Communists, or any other
groups, and frequently does so.
I know of the operations of this network because
I was permitted for two years, in the early 1960s, to examine
its papers and secret records. I have no aversion to it or to
most of its aims and have, for much of my life, been close to
it and to many of its instruments.
I have objected, both in the past and recently, to a few of its
policies notably to its belief that England was an Atlantic rather
than a European Power and must be allied, or even federated, with
the United States and must remain isolated from Europe, but in
general my chief difference of opinion is that it wishes to remain
unknown, and I believe its role in history is significant enough
to be known ....
The power and influence of this Rhodes-Milner group in British
imperial affairs and in foreign policy since 1889, although not
widely recognized, can hardly be exaggerated.
lesser-known work, the posthumously published and very hard-to-find
study, The Anglo-American Establishment,
interestingly enough, was a glowing history of the one-world movement
under the auspices of the Rhodes Trust and the scholars who have
come under its wing. In the preface to The Anglo-American
Establishment, Quigley wrote:
The Rhodes scholarships, established by the terms of Cecil Rhodes's
seventh will, are known to everyone. What is not so widely known
is that Rhodes's five previous wills left his fortune to form
a secret society, which was to devote itself to the preservation
and expansion of the British empire. And what does not seem to
be known to anyone is that this secret society was created by
Rhodes and his principal trustee, Lord Milner, and continues to
exist to this day.
To be sure, this secret society is not a childish thing like the
Ku Klux Klan, and it does not have any secret robes, secret handclasps
or secret passwords. It does not need any of these, since its
members know each other intimately. It probably has no oaths of
secrecy nor any formal procedure of initiation. It does, however,
exist and holds secret meetings, over which the senior member
Quigley was quick to assert, however, that: "I
have been told that the story I relate here would be better left
untold, since it would provide ammunition for the enemies of what
I admire. I do not share this view. The last thing I should wish
is that anything I write could be used by the Anglophobes and isolationists
.... But I feel that the truth has a right to be told, and, once
told, can be an injury to no men of good will."
Photograph of Cecil
Cecil Rhodes envisioned a world in
which British settlers would occupy Africa, the Middle East,
South America, the Pacific and Malay islands, China and
Japan, before restoring America to colonial rule and founding
an imperial world government.
to Quigley the disingenuous character of the Round Table appeared
in three ways: (1) it pretended to be a study group when it was
really an organization of propaganda and influence aimed at influencing
public policy; (2) it pretended to represent diverse opinions when
as a matter of fact it insisted on unanimity (at least in the London
group) and eliminated diverse points of view very quickly; (3) it
pretended to be a cooperative organization on an inter-Dominion
basis when in fact everything of real significance was controlled
A fourth, and in some ways a more significant example was that it
pretended to be a single autonomous agency when in fact it was a
multiple, ubiquitous entity whose influence was exercised through
many agencies including professorships, periodicals and other organizations
such as Chatham House, the Institute of Pacific Relations, or the
Council on Foreign Relations.
Quigley, incidentally, notes that the New York-based Council on
Foreign Relations is an offshoot of a secret society linked to the
Rhodes Trust and formed under its auspices, the Royal Institute
of International Affairs.
The purpose of these international affiliates, such as the CFR,
was to spread the internationalist aims first put forth by Rhodes.
As one Round Table official wrote in 1910: "Our task must be
to find people there who will absorb these doctrines and preach
them to our people."
The question now before the American people is whether Gen. Wesley
Clark and other Rhodes scholars have indeed absorbed these doctrines
and whether they will preach them to the American people. One might
conclude: "By their fruits ye shall know them."
For more on the background of this article, the author
recommends the works of Carroll Quigley referenced in the advertisement
at the bottom of the page.
MICHAEL COLLINS PIPER
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